Dollar bolstered by US jobs data, markets look to trade talkspetar skakalov
The dollar held firm on Monday after data showed surprise strength in the U.S. jobs market, but the currency was restrained from moving higher by worries about an escalation in the U.S.-China trade war.
The dollar index stood almost flat at 97.706 in mid-Asian trade, after rising 0.3% on Friday. The euro traded at $1.10575, after hitting a one-week low of $1.10395 on Friday.
The dollar changed hands at 108.58 yen. It had lifted to 108.92 yen on the U.S. jobs data before losing momentum.
U.S. non farm payrolls increased by 266,000 jobs last month, the biggest gain in 10 months, while the unemployment rate ticked back down to 3.5%, its lowest level in nearly half a century.
Those figures suggested the Trump administration’s 17-month trade war with China, which has plunged manufacturing into recession, has not yet spilled over to the broader U.S. economy.
Still, investors think that could change if trade tensions escalate further, especially if Trump goes ahead with planned tariffs on some $156 billion worth of products from China from Dec. 15.
The market has been largely working on the assumption that those tariffs, which cover several consumer products such as cellphones and toys, will be dropped or at least postponed, given that Washington and Beijing agreed in October to work on a trade deal.
“Markets are sensing that both sides want to avoid a collapse of their negotiation, judging from various news headlines,” said Kazushige Kaida, chief of forex at State Street. “So the main scenario is for the dollar/yen to test mid-109 yen levels.”
Top White House economic adviser Larry Kudlow confirmed on Friday that the Dec. 15 deadline to impose the new tariffs remains in place, but added that President Donald Trump likes where trade talks with China are going.
China’s exports shrank for the fourth consecutive month in November, underscoring persistent pressures on manufacturers from the China-U.S. trade war.
Elsewhere, sterling traded at $1.3143, not far from a seven-month high of $1.3166 set on Thursday.
Against the euro, the pound hit a 2-1/2-year high of 84.10 pence per euro.
The currency has been bolstered by expectations that Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Conservative Party will win an outright majority in the upcoming election on Thursday, thereby ending a hung parliament and political paralysis on Brexit.
The Conservative Party extended its lead over the Labour Party to 14 percentage points, up from 9 percentage points a week ago, an opinion poll by Survation for ITV’s Good Morning Britain showed on Monday.
“Markets now think the Tories will win. But if they fail to win an outright majority, that means essentially nothing is different from now and will be a fairly big shock for the market,” said Minori Uchida, chief FX analyst at MUFG Bank.
The Canadian dollar traded at C$1.3255 to the U.S. unit. The loonie shed more than 0.5% on Friday following data showing the Canadian job market losing a surprise 71,200 net positions in November when economists had expected a gain of 10,000.